Spring Fabrics and A Fabric Lesson to Dye For
Average Rating: ( 0 votes)
See some of InsideSeen's favorite spring fabrics and get a lesson in fabric dyeing techniques.
Today marks the first day of spring. With Easter right around the corner, here at InsideSeen, our thoughts are turned to dyes. But rather than give you tips on how to dye your Easter eggs, we’ve decided to give a lesson in fabric dyeing techniques.
In solution dyeing (or dope dyeing) the coloring agent is added to the liquid solution before it is extruded through the spinneret into man-made fibers. This form of coloring is most permanent. It can be economical if production is high enough, but is limited to man-made fibers.
Stock dyeing is the natural-fiber equivalent to solution dyeing and provides complete penetration, a tendency to colorfastness, and even dye lots. Stock dyeing is expensive and requires a long lead time, so it is limited to woolen fibers in heather-spun yarns.
Yarn dyeing is done in yarn, rather than fiber form. One would use beaker dyeing in a color laboratory to determine the dye formula and skein or hank dyeing, during which skeins, liquids, or both are kept in motion in a large vat. This is usually used by small or custom producers.
In package dyeing small, perforated tubes are stacked into special dye kettles so first the dye liquid, followed by the rinse bath are forced through the yard.
Piece dyeing is the most popular way of coloring fabric. It comes nearest to the end of the production cycle and closet to the point of sale. However, dense constructions or canvas may have poor dye penetration. Piece-dyed fabric occasionally shade from selvage to center or from one end to the other and can have fugitive color or result in overdyeing.
To test your new knowledge of dyeing techniques, check out some of FabricSeen’s fabrics. In bright colors, these fabrics are perfect for spring designing.
Source: Jack Lenor Larsen and Jeanne Weeks, Fabrics for Interiors: A Guide for Architects, Designers, and Consumers.