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The History of the Bathroom Part 1: Before the Flush

by LiveModern Webmaster last modified Jan 04, 2012 02:11 AM
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by last modified Jul 11, 2011

Paris sewers in Victor Hugo's Day Victor Hugo wrote in Les Miserables that "the history of men is reflected in the history of sewers."... The sewer is the conscience of the city. Everything there converges and confronts everything else. " It has not changed much since Victor Hugo's day. In fact, one could say that the North American development industry is built on shit. Basically, you either have ultra-low density development based on individual septic systems or you have development driven by the sewer system- the municipal responsibility of collecting shit and processing it and getting rid of it. But we have only had toilets in our houses for a hundred years or so, and have had cities in North America for longer than that. How did our extravagantly wasteful system develop, how does it tie us down, and how can we solve this problem? This series will look at how we got the bathrooms we have, What's wrong with them, and what we have to do to fix them. ... Read the full story on TreeHugger






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